The first description of the history of this small town, named Beirã in it, dating back to 1837, when there were only four small houses for the accommodation of temporary agricultural workers present, later grew that to a small parish.
This ecclesial expression is still used for smaller (sub-) municipalities, it is the translation of the word parish.
Now Beira is its own freguesia with their own (elected) “president”, which would be a mayor in english and a full council. Within the limits of this very small town there is a large diversity of soils and certainly sufficient water, for a country like Portugal, of course, is very important.
BC were constructed on the outside of the larger settlements mounds. Also in Beira is a encountered, we counted near the campsite 14 out of granite hewn tombs, some of them still have a granite slab as a hedge.
In Roman times, led the fertile land in the area to establish a number of large farms. With the end of the Roman Empire, the city of Beira was the subject of a new social and economic reorganization.
A very important positive development was the then parish note when in the year 1878 began the construction of the first part of a new railway line.
This allows Beirã spread quickly out of those 4 little houses to forty many much larger houses, or even whole capital villas and entered the residents with the arrival of the railway connections to Lisbon and Spain and vice versa, increasing the wind, came two schools, there are several shops were opened, there was a theater and a large recreation building with many activities for the residents of this relatively small village.
With the arrival of the train to Beira, also broke the time that the railway personnel came to settle, from ticket sellers to the stationmaster and his assistants. But here, of course, was also the work of the customs officers in, and of course the members of the Portuguese border police and border guards, the tax police and Guarda Nacional Republicana – GNR Portugal – came here to live with their families.
This development has made an indelible mark on not only the then economy of the small village, but also the contemporary coziness and pleasant openness of the original inhabitants to the visitors of the village.
It’s a bit of a “must” to visit the beautiful old train station, on the railway side you some dazzling works of art to admire the blue tiles, this true Portuguese art will make a nice impression you leave.
Beirã formally became an independent parish controlled by soak the then parish of Santo António das Areias on July 24, 1944. Later this latter was a personal parish in the town of Marvão.
For Beirã remains valid historically the village, the former border post of the track with the Spanish neighbors in the Province of Caceres of the autonomous region of Extremadura, and therefore central to many economic activities and of course the custom was held in esteem, which then also had a good reason to Beirã who give their own autonomous administrative function.
Besides a transit place for people and goods to- and from across the border with Spain, Beirã was an agrarian “environment” with a lot of culture, its own church, two schools and many sports and recreation opportunities, but also their own health for society of this pleasant town that lies in the shadow of the castle town Marvão.
At the border of Beira towards Povoa e Meadas, right before the level crossing, this rock. It is a famous spot. In 1497, married in Valencia de Alcántara, the king of Portugal Manuel de le, also called Afortunate, with Crown Princess Isabel, the daughter of the Spanish Catholic Kings.
It is known by tradition that this big rock during their meetings, has served for these two as shady resting place. Each year, this marriage is commemorated by the joint municipal Marvao and Valencia de Alcantara with historical dressed festivities.
Beirã has several pre-historic dolmens, also called prehistoric stone rooms. Menhirs also be found here – these were used by the prehistoric nations to make formations of megaliths, these prehistoric structures are properly thanks to a clear signposting. Near Beira you can find the largest Menhir from the Iberian Peninsula.
They are very good starting points for walks in the beautiful nature of the Protected Natural Park of São Mamede, which extends from approximately a little north of Campo Maior, which is a 15 km from the Spanish Badajoz until the horizontal viewed altitude of the Spanish Cáceres .
Beirã is not only a beautiful spot from which to lovely walks, the first wonderful trail begins at Campsite Beirã – Marvão Alentejo and goes through a river to Beirã, only to deflect in a southerly direction towards Marvão and Gallegos.
For lovers of cycling trips this is a very nice bike trail, where you get almost nothing to do with strong climbs or descents.
Learn more about the many possibilities for beautiful hiking trails and of course the cycling routes can be found under the button: Walking Alentejo
So you can make a beautiful walk to a beautiful piece of history of Beirã, a truly gigantic house in colonial style, just outside the village itself, surrounded by many land laborers, private chapel, workspaces, the winery and storage of olive oil. You’ll feel like in a different world. Incidentally, here was pressed olive oil and the unedited pute created wines.
It is the same oil that we today also pressing of the same traditional way as our quinta.
Along the way you will encounter plenty of opportunities to use a refreshment, as in Beirã Bar-Restaurant Sabores de Marvao, which also serves an excellent lunch at a normal price.
In Beirã itself the matanza takes place every year.